A billion and a half Muslims today celebrate the Eid al-Adha, or Festival of Sacrifice, one of the two most important days on the Islamic calendar.
The festival commemorates a story in the Quran, the Islamic holy book, in which Abraham offers his son as a sacrifice on God's command. At the last moment God stops him and provides a sheep instead. The Hadith, the collection of sayings by the prophet Muhammad, says the boy was Ishmael, considered to be the ancestor of all Arabs.
Observances include a two-hour service starting with salat or prayer, followed by a sermon. Muslim families traditionally have been expected to sacrifice animals for the holy day. However, they may instead donate money to charitable Islamic groups overseas that slaughter livestock, then give the meat to the poor.
Eid al-Adha also marks the culmination of the Hajj, or pilgrimage, to Mecca in present-day Saudi Arabia. Making the Hajj at least once during a lifetime, if possible, is one of the five ‘‘pillars'' or basic requirements of Islam.
— James D. Davis